Specifications & Services

INTEGRA™ Engineered Foundation System

The INTEGRA Engineered Foundation System is 17% stronger than a poured foundation without vertical rebar or a block foundation built per code. 

View section of INTEGRA wall with photos of included elements

Minimum Wall Reinforcement

  • Two rows of #4 rebar horizontally (one at top and one at middle)
  • Vertical #4 rebar every 6’
  • Two diagonal rebar at each window to reduce shrinkage at bottom corners
  • Inside corners have a minimum of 3 rows horizontally to increase strength against tensile forces

Concrete Strength & Mix:  Minimum of 3,000 psi with max. 4 ½” slump and added mid-range water reducer

Control Joints: Cast-in-Place with basement wall pour every 20’ or less.  Waterstop is placed in wall at joint location or a high-grade caulk is used at exterior of joint

Minimum footing sizes: Walls  8” x 20”     Interior Spread Footings 8” x 18”      Column Pads  30” x 30” x 12”

Foundation Anchors: Choice of MASA Straps or 5/8” anchor bolts at 6’ o.c.

Drainage System: FORM-A-DRAIN with a minimum of 12″ of stone backfill at the time of the footing to prevent system soil contamination before backfilling and installing the basement floor

Uniform Brick Pattern: Standard to the inside of the basement, but these can be flipped to provide smooth interior basement walls upon request

Coello & Associates takes the extra steps necessary to provide you with the highest quality flatwork available in the industry. Your basement and garage floors, as well as your stoops and steps, are poured with care and an attention to detail. Only tradespersons trained to our standards can deliver the quality found in Coello & Associates flatwork.

Benefits of choosing Coello & Associates for your flatwork project are:

  • 3,000 psi minimum concrete mix
  • Double or triple troweled surfaces for a smooth and durable finish
  • Choice of control joint type to best meet the needs of the particular project
  • Ample number of control joints installed
  • Faces of stoops & steps are expertly troweled and finished
  • Concrete is poured at a low slump to reduce cracking and help maintain concrete strength
  • Skilled finishers clean up excess concrete splatter in basement after pouring
  • Garage floors are hand-troweled past the garage doors to give this troublesome area greater durability

Coello & Associates strongly recommends insulating foundations on foundation-insulation-pic1
the exterior of the foundation walls.  We offer both R-5 (1”) and R-10 (2”) rigid insulation with a cement based UV coating to protect the exposed insulation at the top of the basement wall.

Using exterior wall insulation rather than interior insulation only is superior for the following reasons:

  • Minimized heat loss and thermal bridging
  • Walls are protected from the extremes of freeze-thaw cycles
  • Potential for condensation to form on walls is minimized
  • Provides an additional layer of protection on walls from exterior moisture
  • Reduced mold risk associated with the use of interior insulation only
  • Interior space of basement is not reduced

Coello & Associates gives our customers the option to add Tuff-N-Dri H8 Waterproofing for addedtnd-h8 protection with the peace of mind of an extended foundation warranty.

Choose the waterproofing membrane with rigid insulation for affordable protection backed by a 15-year transferable warranty or upgrade to Tremco’s proprietary Warm-N-Dri insulating drainage board for the ultimate in waterproofing protection with a 30-year transferable warranty!

Tuff-N-Dri H8 Facts 

  • Delivers up to 8x more hydrostatic head resistance than other polymer-modified asphalt emulsions
  • Flexible, spray-applied polymer enhanced asphalt membrane
  • Helps prevent wall leaks, seepage, and interior condensation to reduce basement moisture
  • Seamlessly bridges foundation shrinkage cracks
  • When cured, membrane is at least 4 times thicker than a typical dampproofing application
  • North America’s #1 brand for new basement waterproofing since 1997

Coello & Associates offers poured-in-place sliding windows from Windows by Unlimited and egress wells and covers by Monarch Materials Group.

Windows are available at the standard size of 32” x 16” or for egress use at 48” x 48”.  Traditional glass block windows are also available upon request.

For a complete egress package, we can pair the window with a Quarry View Well and Cover from Monarch Materials Group.

double windows

double wellsPlease note that Coello & Associates will warranty leakage for two years from the date of installation only when a poured-in-place window is installed with the Quarry View Well and cover.

Glossary

Brick Pattern

Brick Pattern is a uniform pattern that imitates standard size brick. It provides a unique finished look to your foundation. The concrete mix and a properly maintained concrete form will provide the best looking finish.

Concrete Strength

Concrete Strength is determined in Pounds per Square Inch (PSI). The higher the PSI, the stronger the concrete is. The Uniform Dwelling Code requires a minimum of 2500 PSI. We use a minimum of 3000 PSI concrete.

Control Joints

Control Joints are a way of controlling where the concrete wall will crack.  Because concrete is made with water, it will shrink as it dries and this is what leads to cracking.  Waterstop is placed behind the control joints.

Drainage System

Drainage System is the system that drains water away from the foundation. A standard drainage system includes 3″ perforated, round plastic tubes. We use a hard plastic drainage system that is poured directly with the footings. This helps prevent crushing and movement away from the footings, which are problems associated with the use of 3″ drain tile.

Footings

Footings are the base for the foundation walls. The minimum footing size required by code is 16″ wide by 8″ thick. We use a 20″ wide by 8″ thick footing. The wider the footing, the sturdier the wall will be and the better it will distribute the home’s weight.

Reinforcement

Reinforcement refers to the steel rebar rods that are added to the wall to add strength.  The horizontal reinforcing reduces shrinkage cracks and the vertical reinforcement adds the tensile strength that concrete lacks. The Uniform Dwelling Code does NOT require any steel rebar reinforcement.

Slump

Slump is a measurement of how much water is added to the concrete. The Uniform Dwelling Code requires a maximum of no more than 6 inches. We use a mix with no more than 4 ½”.  As more water is added, the concrete will be weaker and more likely to crack.  If there is not enough water, the concrete will be too stiff to put into the concrete forms, and the appearance will be compromised.

Waterstop

Waterstop is a steel or composite plate that runs the height of the wall to prevent water or other debris from entering in our designated cracks.